DEMYSTIFYING THE GERMAN “ARMAMENT MIRACLE” DURINGOn the whole, the
share of female blue-collar workers in the total work force of Arado decreased from 19.9
percent in 1939 via 15.6 percent in 1940 to 15.1 percent in 1941.
WORLD WAR II. NEW INSIGHTS FROM THE ANNUAL AUDITS OF
GERMAN AIRCRAFT PRODUCERS pag 12 http://www.econ.yale.edu/growth_pdf/cdp905.pdf
Las mujeres tuvieron un pico en BWM en diciembre de 1941 con 1456, después decrecieron constantemente hasta 848 en Marzo de 1945.
Arming the LW pag 210.De 100 mujeres solo 8 trabajaron el turno completo.
Esto hay que tomarlo con matices, no estaban trabajando para el ejercito e Industria, pero sí haciendo trabajos "vitales para el esfuerzo de guerra". http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/war/women.htmAt first, only single women aged 20-30 were called up, but by mid-1943, almost 90 per cent of single women and 80 per cent of married women were working in factories, on the land or in the armed forces.
Huge numbers of women were involved in the war effort and many joined the armed forces even though they did not have to:
640,000 in the armed forces;
55,000 serving with guns and providing essential air defence;
80,000 thousand in the Land Army;
plus many more who flew unarmed aircraft, drove ambulances, worked as nurses and worked behind enemy lines in the European resistance.
http://histclo.com/essay/war/ww2/cou/ger/w2g-home.htmlAs a result, German women play a less important role in the War than the women in the Allied countries (America, Britain, and the Soviet Union). Girls and young women were mobilized through the BDM and other NAZI organizations, but The NAZI war effort did not plan for mothers to be taken out of the home to work in factories. German women were not mobilized for War work. At first it was not necessary. The initial victories were reltively easy and did not require the full mobilization of the ecomomy. This changed with Barbarossa, especially after the Red Army offensive before Moscow (December 1941). Rather than mobilize German women, the NAZIs used foreign labor, largely POWs, and slave and other forced labor from the occupied countries to provide needed labor for the War effort. The hard-pressed British in 1939-40 completely reorganized the economy for war production which included the use of large numbers of married women. The Germans did not do this until much later in the War and never extensively mobilized married women. Unmarried women did serve as auxiliaries in the military, especially in signals and air defence services. [Williamson]
Agricultura de subsistencia
The wages of the destruction Pag 177The rate of return
per unit of farm labour was depressingly low. Farms above 20 hectares
at least offered the prospect of a decent living for the farmer and his
family.29 In some areas, with good soils and proximity to urban markets,
10 hectare farms were still viable. But any family dependent on a unit
smaller than that, unless they were in an unusually good location or
possessed soil of exceptional quality, faced a dispiriting grind of poverty
and overwork. The censuses provide at least a rough guide to the
numbers in this situation. The critical threshold between full- and parttime
farming came at 2 hectares.30
Wages of Destruction Pag 359The fact that more women were not mobilized for war work is sometimes
taken as one more symptom of the inability of the Nazi regime to
demand sacrifices from the German population. [....]
Of Germany's 14 million women
workers in 1939, only 2.7 million worked in industry. By far the largest
sector of women's work was peasant agriculture, which in 1939
employed almost 6 million women. By contrast, of Britain's 6 million
working women fewer than 100,000 were employed on farms. As we
have seen, the burden of maintaining the small peasant farms that
dominated German agriculture fell disproportionately on women's
Lo dicho, que las mujeres trabajaban en la Agricultura. NO en la industria. El dato de 2.7M dado era correcto. Intentáis corregirme pero vuestras mismas fuentes me dan la razón.